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Pluckley Church of England Primary School ‘Enjoying, Learning and Achieving Together.’


Phonics - Letters and Sounds


At Pluckley Church of England Primary School, we follow the Letters and Sounds phonics programme. The aim is to equip children with the skills needed for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills as well as building children's speaking and listening skills.


The programme consists of six phases. The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practitioners and Teachers.


(Table taken from 'www.letters-and-sounds-com')



Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One(Nursery/Reception)

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two(Reception) up to 6 weeks

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three(Reception) up to 12 weeks

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four(Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five(Throughout Year 1)

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six(Throughout Year 2 and beyond)

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.





‘Creating the conditions for children to develop confidence in themselves as learners, discoverers and critical thinkers is vital in a rapidly changing world.’


Pluckley Church of England Primary School is dedicated to making reading a stimulating, engaging and creative experience that allows a culture of enthusiasm, appreciation and confidence across all areas of the curriculum. By reading in school, we aim to create a generation of young readers that are independent, have a varied and diverse vocabulary and that celebrate our unique literary heritage. We hope to unlock the potential in all children, encouraging lively and enquiring minds that expand both their own horizons and the world in which the live. This is alongside the pleasure of creativity, imagination and discovery that is inherent in all reading.


As reading enables children to access all areas of the curriculum and the wider world, it is a subject that is taken very seriously by staff members. As part of thematic topic based learning, children read and explore a key text everyday. Additionally, pupils are taught the skills of reading and comprehension using a VIPERssss model. This approach usually involves pupils exploring a text (in different genres) over a 2 week cycle, whereby they explore vocabulary, inference, predictive, evaluative, retrieval, summarizing, sequencing and scanning skills, while exploring the language and intent of the author to build and develop skills which will be needed in later life.


Children have dedicated reading sessions daily and regularly to encourage independent reading, both in school and at home in partnership with parents and carers. Children are actively encouraged to read a variety of genres, styles and techniques in order to make learning varied, accessible and enjoyable. As such, all teachers aim to use a multisensory approach that uses methods such as audiobooks, guest speakers, drama, film, theatre and e-books as well as exciting and relevant books in the classrooms in order to make reading accessible to all learners, no matter their preferred learning styles.


Writing, Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling


At Pluckley Church of England Primary School, we recognise that English has a pre-eminent place in education and society, and that the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society.


An important aspect of learning to write well is learning how to use grammar, punctuation and spelling correctly. We teach grammar, punctuation and spelling as their own subjects and within our Literacy lessons to ensure that the children are confident. We then embed this learning throughout the topic in other subjects.


Through engaging lessons, we aim to foster a love of literacy and language and an enjoyment of learning, our focus is that pupil’s writing should be cross-curricular and based on the topic being covered. We challenge children of all abilities and ensure they make good progress in all areas of the Curriculum. They are encouraged to have a growth mind-set and to develop the skills of perseverance and resilience. Through our creative curriculum, pupils are given a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. We celebrate children’s hard work and effort, as well as their success. They are encouraged to revisit their work, making changes and developing their ideas to ensure they achieve their best.


Our goal is for our children to have a strong command of both the written and spoken word, underpinned by an appreciation of our literary heritage.