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Pluckley Church of England Primary School ‘Enjoying, Learning and Achieving Together.’


The Wider Curriculum at Pluckley Church of England Primary School



Here at Pluckley Church of England Primary School, the wider curriculum is designed to offer a broad and balanced curriculum that nurtures curiosity and passion to inspire lifelong learning. Full of experiences, excitement and enjoyment, we have developed a bespoke broad and balanced curriculum to meet the needs, aspirations and interests of all of our pupils; equipping them with the skills needed to be responsible citizens.

Through a thematic approach, the children are immersed into the topic through environment, experiences and the highest quality of teaching and learning, allowing the children opportunities to remember, revisit and transfer skills and knowledge to other contexts.

The wider curriculum incorporates all subject areas other than the core subjects; maths, writing and reading. Our curriculum gives equal importance to core and foundation subjects, allowing for links to the topic in core subjects as much as possible.




The intent of our curriculum is to develop and nurture the development and application of knowledge, understanding, skills and attitudes that are needed for children to development in to successful leaners. Our curriculum prepares children for further study and adult life by enabling them to become:


  • Resilient and ambitious children who use their initiative and aren’t afraid of making mistakes

  • Confident individuals who are able to live safe, healthy and fulfilling lives

  • Curious children with a thirst for knowledge

  • Successful learners who are self-motivated to learn and achieve

  • Responsible citizens who make a positive contribution to society.

  • To provide outstanding outcomes for the future of young people in the 21st Century and beyond.

  • To develop children's desires to be ambitious, use their initiative, have a strong sense of community and have positive mental health that enables them to be happy.



At Pluckley Church of England Primary School, we feel passionately about giving children opportunities and experiences outside of the curriculum as well as in. Together, we developed a long term plan that provides children with first hand experiences whether that be through visits off site or visitors to the school.



We deliver our broad and balanced curriculum through a series of thematic topics which are carefully planned to incorporate both skills and knowledge acquisition detailed in the National Curriculum. Our subject progression documents ensure that previous learning is built upon at each stage and consolidated regularly, allowing for the children to become ‘experts’ in each area.




The impact of our curriculum is carefully monitored by our Teaching and Learning Leader and Wider curriculum lead. We track progress in all subject areas regularly, to ensure that all children are achieving and deepening their learning in all areas of the curriculum by building upon prior knowledge.


At Pluckley Church of England Primary School, we celebrate the learning by sharing our wider curriculum achievements through hosting termly ‘Learning Open Afternoons’ for parents, carers and families.



Essential Questions

Each termly project is based around an essential question that is broad in scope and timeless in nature for example, "What is Justice?"

Children are supported to think beyond their immediate surroundings, form their own opinions and change their mind in light of research and reflection. Children will gain knowledge and skills by working for an extended period of time to investigate and respond to these complex questions.


A question is essential when it:

  • Causes genuine and relevant enquiry into big ideas

  • Provokes deep thought through lively discussion and sustained enquiry

  • Requires children to consider alternatives, weigh evidence and support their ideas

  • Sparks meaningful connections with prior learning and personal experiences




Pluckley Church of England Primary School Curriculum



Phonics - Letters and Sounds


At Pluckley Church of England Primary School, we follow the Letters and Sounds phonics programme. The aim is to equip children with the skills needed for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills as well as building children's speaking and listening skills.

The programme consists of six phases. The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practitioners and Teachers.

(Table taken from 'www.letters-and-sounds-com')



Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One(Nursery/Reception)

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two(Reception) up to 6 weeks

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three(Reception) up to 12 weeks

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four(Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five(Throughout Year 1)

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six(Throughout Year 2 and beyond)

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.



  • Phonics Play



    ‘Creating the conditions for children to develop confidence in themselves as learners, discoverers and critical thinkers is vital in a rapidly changing world.’


    Pluckley Church of England Primary School is dedicated to making reading a stimulating, engaging and creative experience that allows a culture of enthusiasm, appreciation and confidence across all areas of the curriculum. By reading in school, we aim to create a generation of young readers that are independent, have a varied and diverse vocabulary and that celebrate our unique literary heritage. We hope to unlock the potential in all children, encouraging lively and enquiring minds that expand both their own horizons and the world in which the live. This is alongside the pleasure of creativity, imagination and discovery that is inherent in all reading.


    As reading enables children to access all areas of the curriculum and the wider world, it is a subject that is taken very seriously by staff members. As part of thematic topic based learning, children read and explore a key text everyday. Additionally, pupils are taught the skills of reading and comprehension using a VIPERssss model. This approach usually involves pupils exploring a text (in different genres) over a 2 week cycle, whereby they explore vocabulary, inference, predictive, evaluative, retrieval, summarizing, sequencing and scanning skills, while exploring the language and intent of the author to build and develop skills which will be needed in later life.


    Children have dedicated reading sessions daily and regularly to encourage independent reading, both in school and at home in partnership with parents and carers. Children are actively encouraged to read a variety of genres, styles and techniques in order to make learning varied, accessible and enjoyable. As such, all teachers aim to use a multisensory approach that uses methods such as audiobooks, guest speakers, drama, film, theatre and e-books as well as exciting and relevant books in the classrooms in order to make reading accessible to all learners, no matter their preferred learning styles.




    Writing, Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling


    At Pluckley Church of England Primary School, we recognise that English has a pre-eminent place in education and society, and that the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society.


    An important aspect of learning to write well is learning how to use grammar, punctuation and spelling correctly. We teach grammar, punctuation and spelling as their own subjects and within our Literacy lessons to ensure that the children are confident. We then embed this learning throughout the topic in other subjects.


    Through engaging lessons, we aim to foster a love of literacy and language and an enjoyment of learning, our focus is that pupil’s writing should be cross-curricular and based on the topic being covered. We challenge children of all abilities and ensure they make good progress in all areas of the Curriculum. They are encouraged to have a growth mind-set and to develop the skills of perseverance and resilience. Through our creative curriculum, pupils are given a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. We celebrate children’s hard work and effort, as well as their success. They are encouraged to revisit their work, making changes and developing their ideas to ensure they achieve their best.


    Our goal is for our children to have a strong command of both the written and spoken word, underpinned by an appreciation of our literary heritage.








    Our vision is for all pupils to become independent learners with lively enquiring minds who seek pleasure in Mathematical Mastery which in turn prepares children for the wider world.


    Maths Mastery is where students must achieve a level of mastery in prerequisite knowledge before moving forward to learn new skills. This is supported by the National Curriculum (DfE, 2013) which clearly specifies its three aims of developing fluency, reasoning and problem solving.


    These aims will be achieved by providing stimulating, practical lessons, the opportunity to question and explain and to develop a deep mathematical vocabulary.


    We use a ‘PACE’ approach to learning in Maths. Each stage contains specifically chosen questions which build on pupils learning and challenge their thinking. Pupils are able to practice their skills until they become fluent and then reason and problem solve to apply their skills.


    Pupils will work in groups, with learning partners and independently; ensuring they develop the skills to clarify their understanding for others and themselves. The understanding of the 'how's' and 'why's' is now extremely important. Being able to clearly communicate ideas is essential.


    At Pluckley Church of England Primary School, we believe it is important for pupils to be fluent in Maths and have a rapid recall of key facts, including: number bonds and times tables. We believe it is important for pupils to practice and revise these key skills regularly and as such we provide engaging opportunities for pupils to develop their counting and times tables. Additionally, we believe it is important for pupils to understand and be fluent in the four operations conceptually and fluently.






    ‘Twenty years from now, you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover.’ -Mark Twain.


    At Pluckley Church of England Primary School our vision is reflected through the belief that scientific enquiry is at the core of all scientific learning. This vision is delivered by enthusiastic members of staff whose aim it is to inspire our children by giving them opportunities to peruse their natural curiosity; allowing them to explore a rich learning environment, providing them with a range of scientific resources; developing their investigative skills in and out of the classroom in a range of contexts and assisting them in developing an appreciation of the nature of science. We encourage our children to ask questions, make observations, take risks and we listen to their ideas, using these as the foundations for their learning, to ensure that they are able to continually evolve their knowledge and understanding of the ever changing world around them.


    Our Science learning takes place in a safe environment where the children feel confident enough and are encouraged to make mistakes, to enable them to reflect and learn from them.


    Our Science lessons are incorporated within our creative curriculum, this enables the children to make connections between ideas and to promote an understanding of how they are developed and applied beyond the classroom.



    Religious Education


    The teaching of Religious Education at Pluckley Church of England Primary School enables children to develop Religious literacy through an understanding of Christianity and other major world religions, in order that they develop tolerance and understanding of the local, national and global communities in which they live. Links with the Christian values of the school and spiritual, moral, social and cultural development are intrinsic to the RE curriculum and have a significant impact on learners.


    The three aims of the curriculum are:

  • To enable pupils to know about and understand Christianity as a living faith that influences the lives of people worldwide and as the religion that has most shaped British culture and heritage

  • To enable pupils to know and understand about other major world religions and world views, their impact on society, culture and the wider world, enabling pupils to express ideas and insights

  • To contribute to the development of pupils’ own spiritual/philosophical convictions, exploring and enriching their own beliefs and values.


    Time Allocation:

    The Kent Agreed Syllabus requires a minimum 5% curriculum time for RE, which amounts to 1 hour a week at Key Stage One and 1 hour and 25 minutes per week at Key Stage Two. In the Early Years RE is taught for at least 30 minutes per week. This is in addition to time for worship.

    Breadth and balance:

    Christianity is allocated 2/3 of the RE curriculum. The other 1/3 is allocated to other faiths (Judaism, Islam, Sikhism and Hinduism). Since September 2017, we have been following The Kent Agreed Syllabus supplemented by the Understanding Christianity Resource.


    Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum:

    RE in the Early years is linked to the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum through the Early Learning Goals. Christianity is the main religion taught at this early stage, with other religions drawn on as appropriate. During the Foundation Stage children begin to explore the world of religion in terms of special people, special books, special times, special places, special objects and visiting places of worship.

    Children listen to and talk about religious stories. They are introduced to specialist worlds and use their senses in exploring religious beliefs, practices and forms of expression. They reflect on their own feelings and experiences. They use their imagination and curiosity to develop their appreciation of, and wonder at the world in which we live.



    PE and Games


    In our school we believe that physical education is an essential part of a child’s educational development. Or children are inspired to engage in physical activity, raise their attainment, extend their potential and develop a lifelong active lifestyle.

    By placing PE and sport at the heart of a broad and balanced curriculum, we aim to offer a variety of activities to enhance skills in physical education; positive participation in physical education that will enable children to build self-esteem, team work and positive attitudes in P.E. allowing each child to be the best that they can be by :

    · Improving health and well-being

    · Providing high quality opportunities and outcomes

    · Encouraging community involvement

    · Promoting lifelong learning, active participation and competition

    · Raising achievement and supporting excellence

    · Having the emotional and thinking skills to achieve in PE and sport


    Our vision will be delivered by enthusiastic staff allowing all children the opportunity for an enjoyable physical education throughout the school. We aim to celebrate achievement at all levels and provide physical activities that are diverse and appeal to all children.


    PE is not only important for children health but also their wellbeing. By employing a specialist team of trained staff and coaches’ children gain an in-depth experience of many different aspects of physical activity.

    Physical education encourages pupils to be active and supports them in their understanding of how to participate safely and effectively. They understand the barriers to participation and work to overcome these for themselves and others. Our PE curriculum will be inclusive and ensure that pupils of all abilities access the range of activities we offer and that they are physically active for sustained periods of time in order to encourage them to lead healthy, active lives. There will also be opportunities for pupils to take on leadership roles in which they can build character and embed values such as fairness and respect.

    We aim to provide pupils the opportunity to participate in a range of competitive team games and tournaments.

    Personal, Social, Health Education

    The subject is usually known as PSHE. Work centres on helping children understand about relationships, their own feelings and issues relating to growing up e.g. friendships, bullying, personal changes. The work is often done in circle time where the children have an opportunity to talk about issues. Recently, the Government have given primary schools guidelines on citizenship and these are part of our PSHE programme.

    Additionally, pupils will cover aspects of Staying Safe, including online safety. It is vital that pupils are aware of aspects of safeguarding and are equipped with the skills and knowledge to protect themselves and stay safe in the 21st Century. (Further information on the safeguarding curriculum can be found in the safeguarding section of the website)

    Sex Education

    Sex education is an integral part of the Personal, Social and Health Education curriculum. Governors have agreed a Sex Education Policy in line with Kent Guidelines.